The Wavelet Transforms (WT)\u00a0 or wavelet analysis is probably the most recent solution to overcome the shortcomings of the Fourier Transform (FT). WT transforms a signal in period (or frequency) without losing time resolution.\u00a0 In the signal processing context, WT provides a method to decompose an input signal of interest into a set of elementary waveforms, i.e. \u201cwavelets\u201d., and then\u00a0 analyze the signal by examining the coefficients (or weights) of these wavelets. In this post, we will introduce where the wavelet transforms can be used. 1. Wavelet Transform Aplications In general, wavelets transforms can be used for stationary and nonstationary signals, including but not limited to the following: noise removal from the signalstrend analysis and forecationgdetection of abrupt discontinuities, change, or abnormal behavior, etc. andcompression of large amounts of datathe new image compression standard called JPEG2000 is fully based on waveletsdata encryption\uff0ci.e. secure the dataCombine it with machine learning to improve the modelling accuracy 2. Some Examples (1) Noise removal and trend analysis A very good example of using wavelet transform for noise removal is one of my paper . We use approximation instead of the orginal signal for modelling (or machine learning) because the origal data is nosiy. For example, we use the approximation (the red line) to replace the orignal by removing the high frequency signals (or noise). Source: Yuan, Wei, Sun, Zho (2022) (2) Abrupt discontinuities, and abnormal changes For the following example, we can use wavelet transform to find abrupt discontunuities and abnormal changes. (3) Increase Model Accuracy I also published 3 paper about how to model the approximation and details seperately, and then predict the approximation and detail(s) . Finally, we can obtain the prediction of the orignial by reconstructing predictions of the approximation and detail(s). (4) Image Compression Another example is applying wavelet transforms for big data or image compression. The new image compression standard called JPEG2000 is fully based on wavelets. From the following example, it illustrates that the image (my photo) is compressed by more than half. The orignal image is 32.5 Kb, while the compressed on using wavelet transforms has only 15.1Kb. References: Yuan, M., Wei, S., Sun, M., & Zhao, J. (2022). Wavelet Decomposition and Seq2Seq Hybrid Models for Water Quality Prediction.\u00a0Water Resources,\u00a049(4), 743-752. Wei, Shouke, Depeng Zuo, and Jinxi Song. "Improving prediction accuracy of river discharge time series using a Wavelet-NAR artificial neural network."\u00a0Journal of Hydroinformatics\u00a014, no. 4 (2012): 974-991.